Graphic and detailed textiles like this toile give insight into the culture and time of year in which it was created. Toiles are printed fabrics that were first created in the 18th century in England and France. They began using carved wood blocks to print, and then moved on to engraved copper rolls for finer details. They often reflect the styles of the period, in both costume, lifestyle, and taste. Some show scenes from life at the time, some have figures in clothing from fashion plates, and others contain mythological creatures (such as cherubs) attesting to the popularity of neoclassicism. These fabrics were typically used as home furnishings, such as curtains and bed dressing, and to make clothing.
Early toiles from the 18th-Early 19th century mirror the seasons that they were made in. Since this toile contains images of hatching chicks and blooming flowers, we can conclude that it was made in the spring. This design also includes cherubs and is printed in a red that has taken on a pink hue over time. It is quilted throughout and backed with cotton.
Circa: 19th century
Inventory number: TX4408