Fez Sash (Hizam)
Stiff and luxurious Fez sashes were worn by women all over Morocco on ceremonial or festive occasions, but in the 20th century they were worn mostly by brides on their wedding day. These were woven primarily in Fez but also in Tetouan and Chechaouen up to the end of the 19th century. The highly complex lampas weaving technique requires two persons per loom and incorporates supplementary weft and warp. The metallic thread design is composed of floral patterns combined with heraldic motifs derived from Hispano Moresque architectural elements plus an abundance of hamsas and eight point stars for good luck. The background is split into four even sections of red, green, purple and white with braided tassels at either end. A sash would be worn draped a few times around the waist over a kaftan and the width, dictated by the loom, is almost always cut in half to provide comfort and to allow both halves to be used separately, probably by two heirs of the original owner.
Circa: 19th century
Material: silk and metallic thread
Condition: fair condition with some stains, minor tears and missing tassels
Dimensions: 115" x 7"
Inventory number: TX4376